Wells. The history of English is conventionally, if perhaps too neatly, divided into three periods usually called Old English (or Anglo-Saxon), Middle English, and Modern English. The rise of so-called “New Englishes” (modern variants or dialects of the language, such as Australian English, South African English, Caribbean English, South Asian English, etc) raised, for some, the spectre of the possible fragmentation of the English language into mutually unintelligible languages, much as occurred when Latin gave rise to the various Romance languages (French, Spanish, Italian, etc) centuries ago. In 1917, Daniel Jones introduced the concept of Received Pronunciation (sometimes called the Queen’s English, BBC English or Public School English) to describe the variety of Standard English spoken by the educated middle and upper classes, irrespective of what part of England they may live in. At the beginning of the 20th century, attention shifted to the fact that not only language change, but language structure as well, is systematic and governed by regular rules and principles. Due to its extensive lineage and consistent reformation, the English language holds a highly diversified panorama of linguistic landscape. As we as humans develop, so does our language use and skill, and as time passes, so do certain fashions in languages. Towards the end of Middle English, a sudden and distinct change in pronunciation (the Great Vowel Shift) started, with vowels being pronounced shorter and shorter. Early Modern English We refer to the years 1500-1700 as the Early Modern English period (EModE). stagflation, edutainment, flexitarian, Disneyfication, frenemy, confuzzle, gastropub, bromance, hacktivist, chillax, infomercial, shareware, dramedy, gaydar, wellderly, techlash, etc). But some truly revolutionary works were just around the corner in the early 20th Century, from Virginia Woolf to T.S. When the Merriam brothers bought the rights to Webster’s dictionaries and produced the first Merriam-Webster dictionary in 1847, they actually expunged most of Webster’s more radical spelling and pronunciation ideas, and the work (and its subsequent versions) became an instant success. the word verbify is itself a prime example; others include to thumb, to parrot, to email, to text, to google, to medal, to critique, to leverage, to sequence, to interface, to tase, to speechify, to incentivize, etc), although some modern-sounding verbs have surprisingly been in the language for centuries (e.g. Perhaps in reaction to the perceived appropriation or co-option of English by the United States, a certain amount of language snobbery continued to grow in England. We saw various word order structures were used in it. The English colonization of North America had begun as early as 1600. English language - English language - Characteristics of Modern English: British Received Pronunciation (RP), traditionally defined as the standard speech used in London and southeastern England, is one of many forms (or accents) of standard speech throughout the English-speaking world. A. A pidgin is a reduced language that results from extended contact between people with no language in common. This lesson will cover the major events in the development of the English language we know today. In recent years, there has been an increasing trend towards using an existing words as a different part of speech, especially the “verbification” of nouns (e.g. Although the pronunciation and grammar of Early Modern English continued into the late modern age, the vocabulary of Englishgrew considerably, leading to the creation of Late Modern English. However, since the Second World War, a greater permissiveness towards regional English varieties has taken hold in England, both in education and in the media. Beside this every language is associated with any specific region, country, religion, culture or its speakers that actually develops or with the passage of time change or revolutionaries the language. Jamaican creole (known locally as “Patwa”, for patois) was one of the deepest in the Caribbean, partly because of the sheer numbers transported there, and the accent there is still so thick as to be almost undecipherable. Many of Webster’s more radical spelling recommendations (e.g. SOUND CLIP In addition, a whole body of acronyms, contractions and shorthands for use in email, social networking and cellphone texting has grown up, particularly among the young, including the relatively well-known lol, ttfn, btw, omg, wtf, plz, thx, ur, l8ter, etc. Another English speaking country, the USA, continued the English language dominance of new technology and innovation with inventions like electricity, the telegraph, the telephone, the phonograph, the sewing machine, the computer, etc. Traduzioni in contesto per "of modern history" in inglese-italiano da Reverso Context: She was a researcher and instructor of modern history in the same faculty from 1972 to 2007. In some cases, old words were given entirely new meanings and connotation (e.g. A mini lecture on the History of the English language from the Middle English to Early Modern English. In some walks of life, bad, sick, dope and wicked are all now different varieties of good. In 1852, the German linguist, Jacob Grimm, called English "the language of the world", and predicted it was "destined to reign in future with still more extensive sway over all parts of the globe". However, did you think about how much a language changes over a couple of years? New ideas, new concepts and new words were introduced in the early science fiction and speculative fiction novels of Mary Shelley, Jules Verne and H.G. Had this not been the case, people would be faced with the task of relearning their native language almost every twenty years. Parallel to this, science fiction literature has contributed it own vocabulary to the common word-stock, including terms such as robotics, hyperspace, warp-speed, cyberpunk, droid, nanotech, nanobot, etc. (from WorldGathering.net) New Zealand began to be settled by European whalers and missionaries in the 1790s, although an official colony was not established there until 1840. John Adams’ much-vaunted “plain English” took a back seat in the hands of colourful characters like Davy Crockett (who was himself of Scots-Irish decent) and others, who saw western expansion as an excuse to expand the language with new words and quirky Americanisms like skedaddle, bamboozle, shebang, riff-raff, hunky-dory, lickety-split, rambunctious, ripsnorter, humdinger, doozy, shenanigan, discombobulate, absquatulate, splendiferous, etc, not to mention evocative phrases like fly off the handle, a chip on the shoulder, no axe to grind, sitting on the fence, dodge the issue, knuckle down, make the fur fly, go the whole hog, kick the bucket, face the music, bite the dust, barking up the wrong tree, pass the buck, stack the deck, poker face, in cahoots, pull up stakes, horse sense, two cents’ worth, stake a claim, strike it rich, the real McCoy and even the phrase stiff upper lip (in regard to their more hidebound British cousins). There was a mid-century reaction within Britain against what George Orwell described as the “ugly and inaccurate” contemporary English of the time. notus for notice, bole for bold, ansur for answer, skade for scared, etc). It is safe to assume that one of the key elements in the evolution of languages is that of integration. The “Plain English” movement, which emphased clarity, brevity and the avoidance of technical language, was bolstered by Sir Ernest Gowers’ “The Complete Plain Words”, published in the early 1950s, and the trend towards plainer language, appropriate to the target audience, continued in official and legal communications, and was followed by a similar movement in the United Sates during the 1970s. The profit motive may have been foremost, but there was a certain amount of altruistic motivation as well, and many saw it as a way of bringing order and political unity to these chaotic and internecine regions (as well as binding them ever more strongly to the Empire). In many cases, the original indigenous words were very difficult to render in English, and have often been mangled almost beyond recognition (e.g. modern - WordReference English dictionary, questions, discussion and forums. Words are formed and forgotten. Nearly all knowledge of the English language before the seventh century is hypothetical. igloo, anorak, toboggan, canoe, kayak, parka, muskeg, caribou, moose, etc), as well as the French influence (e.g. President Theodore Roosevelt agreed to use these spellings for all federal publications and they quickly caught on, although there was still stiff resistance to such recommended changes as tuf, def, troble, yu, filosofy, etc. In 1906, the American philanthropist Andrew Carnegie tried to resurrect some of Webster’s reforms. modern definition: 1. designed and made using the most recent ideas and methods: 2. of the present or recent times…. , languages are an increasingly common source of new vocabulary ( e.g the settlers ( e.g when! 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