The process of husk extraction from the coir bypasses the retting process, using a custom-built coconut husk extractor designed by ASEAN–Canada Forest Tree Seed Centre in 1986. Coconut palms are believed to be largely cross-pollinated, although most dwarf varieties are self-pollinating.[52]. It contended that this would have provided the necessary evolutionary pressures, and would account for morphological factors such as a thick husk to protect against ocean degradation and provide a moist medium in which to germinate on sparse atolls. As per 2014–15 statistics from Coconut Development Board of Government of India, four southern states combined account for almost 90% of the total production in the country: Tamil Nadu (33.84%), Karnataka (25.15%), Kerala (23.96%), and Andhra Pradesh (7.16%). However, both James Cook and William Bligh[64] (put adrift after the Bounty mutiny) found no sign of the nuts along this 2,000 km (1,200 mi) stretch when he needed water for his crew. [58][59] The tall variety is outcrossing while dwarf palms are incrossing, which has led to a much greater degree of genetic diversity within the tall group. [53] They may grow but not fruit properly in areas with insufficient warmth, such as Bermuda. Coconut oil is increasingly used in the food industry. In the land of Malatra, inhabitants often used coconut shells as containers or drinking vessels. They also include fossil fruits that have been tentatively identified as modern Cocos nucifera. Fishermen give an offering of coconut to the sea to celebrate the beginning of a new fishing season. [citation needed] They are also used in Hindu weddings as a symbol of prosperity. These provide substantial circumstantial evidence that deliberate Austronesian voyagers were involved in carrying coconuts across the Pacific Ocean and that they could not have dispersed worldwide without human agency. [112] Its chronic consumption may increase the risk of cardiovascular diseases by raising total blood cholesterol levels through elevated blood levels of LDL cholesterol and lauric acid. A study in 2008 showed that the coconuts in the Americas are genetically closest related to coconuts in the Philippines, and not to any other nearby coconut populations (including Polynesia). Only a few of the roots penetrate deep into the soil for stability. Such an origin indicates that the coconuts were not introduced naturally, such as by sea currents. Indonesia overtook it in 2010. They were commonly carried by Spanish ships as a source of fresh water. [67] Yellowing diseases affect plantations in Africa, India, Mexico, the Caribbean and the Pacific Region. A coco chocolatero was a cup used to serve small quantities of beverages (such as chocolate drinks) between the 17th and 19th centuries in countries such as Mexico, Guatemala, and Venezuela. Newly germinated coconuts contain an edible fluff of marshmallow-like consistency called sprouted coconut or coconut sprout, produced as the endosperm nourishes the developing embryo. Get full nutrition facts for other Kara products and all your other favorite brands. Karava (Sinhala: කරාවා, romanized: Karāvā) also Karave, Kara and Kaurawa is a Sinhalese speaking ethnic group from Sri Lanka who migrated from the Coramandel coast during the 13th Century. [27][28], A study in 2011 identified two highly genetically differentiated subpopulations of coconuts, one originating from Island Southeast Asia (the Pacific group) and the other from the southern margins of the Indian subcontinent (the Indo-Atlantic group). When left to ferment on its own, it becomes palm wine. Certified Halal. Training without Reward: Traditional Training of Pig-tailed Macaques as Coconut Harvesters. Customer reviews. The first coconuts were of the niu kafa type, with thick husks to protect the seed, an angular, highly ridged shape to promote buoyancy during ocean dispersal, and a pointed base that allowed fruits to dig into the sand, preventing them from being washed away during germination on a new island. It is still the largest producer of coconut oil and copra, accounting for 64% of the global production. Many insect pests and diseases affect the species and are a nuisance for commercial production. [10], The specific name nucifera is Latin for 'nut-bearing'. Soil found around Marthandam is one of the most fertile lands of Tamil Nadu and the region has the climatic conditions of Kerala. It noted that by using these small atolls, the species could easily island-hop. The coir is used to make brooms in Cambodia.[116]. Previous studies had assumed that the palm had either evolved in South America or Asia, and then dispersed from there. [47] It is consumed throughout the humid tropics, and has been introduced into the retail market as a processed sports drink. However, like most palm fossils, Cocos-like fossils are still putative, as they are usually difficult to identify. KARA, THE COCONUT SPECIALIST Kara, derives from Kelapa Rakyat, means “the people’s coconut” in Bahasa Indonesia. It is UHT (Ultra High Temperature) processed and aseptically packed. However, admixture, the transfer of genetic material, evidently occurred between the two populations. Werth, E. (1933). In Tamil Nadu, Coimbatore and Tirupur regions top the production list. Only 3 left in stock - order soon. Sri Lanka established its Coconut Development Authority and Coconut Cultivation Board and Coconut Research Institute in the early British Ceylon period.[88]. Many of the smallest coral islands in the Florida Keys are known to have abundant coconut palms sprouting from coconuts that have drifted or been deposited by ocean currents. [105], The sap derived from incising the flower clusters of the coconut is drunk as neera, also known as toddy or tubâ (Philippines), tuak (Indonesia and Malaysia) or karewe (fresh and not fermented, collected twice a day, for breakfast and dinner) in Kiribati. The many uses from the Tree of Life – Coconut Butter, The many uses from the Tree of Life – Coconut Coir Fiber, The many uses from the Tree of Life – Coconut Sugar, The many uses from the Tree of Life – Nata de Coco, The many uses from the Tree of Life – Coconut Soap. The green of the leaves (lamina) is stripped away, leaving the veins (long, thin, woodlike strips) which are tied together to form a broom or brush. [93][94] Most of which (89%) is saturated fat, with lauric acid as a major fatty acid. nana). [citation needed], In some parts of the world (Thailand and Malaysia), trained pig-tailed macaques are used to harvest coconuts. Heyerdahl, Thor. Company Address Proof. [92], A special cultivar of coconut known as macapuno has a jelly-like coconut meat. Mature, ripe coconuts can be used as edible seeds, or processed for oil and plant milk from the flesh, charcoal from the hard shell, and coir from the fibrous husk. ; Putter, C.A.J. Page 1 of 1 Start over Page 1 of 1 . [108] They can also be processed to extract palm sugar. [53] Coconuts also need high humidity (at least 70–80%) for optimum growth, which is why they are rarely seen in areas with low humidity. The decreased buoyancy and increased fragility of this spherical, thin-husked fruit would not matter for a species that had started to be dispersed by humans and grown in plantations. [125], Researchers from the Melbourne Museum in Australia observed the octopus species Amphioctopus marginatus use tools, specifically coconut shells, for defense and shelter. These includes two specimens named "Cocos" palaeonucifera and "Cocos" binoriensis, both were dated by their authors to the Maastrichtian–Danian of the early Tertiary (70 to 62 million years ago). [92], Coir (the fiber from the husk of the coconut) is used in ropes, mats, doormats, brushes, and sacks, as caulking for boats, and as stuffing fiber for mattresses. Copra is the dried meat of the seed and after processing produces coconut oil and coconut meal. Bourke, R. Michael and Tracy Harwood (Eds.). ", https://source.wustl.edu/2011/06/deep-history-of-coconuts-decoded, "Germination rate is the significant characteristic determining coconut palm diversity". [20], In attempting to determine whether the species had originated in South America or Asia, a 2014 study proposed that it was neither, and that the species evolved on coral atolls in the Pacific. Coconut milk contains 5% to 20% fat, while coconut cream contains around 20% to 50% fat. Every single one of these was ruined by the sea water. The Middle East's hot, dry climate favors the development of coconut mites, which cause immature seed dropping and may cause brownish-gray discoloration on the coconut's outer green fiber. (1992). [48] Coconuts sold in the shops of nontropical countries often have had the exocarp (outermost layer) removed. It is aseptically packed with no preservatives but does contain 1/10 of 1% natural stabilizers to prevent separation. [116], The Zulu Social Aid and Pleasure Club of New Orleans traditionally throws hand-decorated coconuts, one of the most valuable Mardi Gras souvenirs, to parade revelers. The queen palm was originally classified in the genus Cocos along with the coconut, but was later reclassified in Syagrus. Therefore, heavy turf grass environments (beach resorts and golf courses) also pose a major threat to local coconut trees. Ingredients: Fresh natural coconut extract (905), Water, stabilizer (Xanthan gum E415, Guar Gum E412, Carrageenan E407). Per 100-gram serving, coconut water contains 19 calories and no significant content of essential nutrients. They need year round warmth and moisture to grow well and fruit. This rich tasting cream is made from fresh coconut extract and has approximately 25% fat (coconut oil). [90], The coconut palm is grown throughout the tropics for decoration, as well as for its many culinary and nonculinary uses; virtually every part of the coconut palm can be used by humans in some manner and has significant economic value. However their historical distribution was likely more limited. The discovery of this behavior was observed in Bali and North Sulawesi in Indonesia between 1998 and 2008. [62] This figure has been questioned based on the extremely small sample size that forms the basis of the paper that makes this claim. [9] They have been found in the Caribbean and the Atlantic coasts of Africa and South America for less than 500 years (the Caribbean native inhabitants do not have a dialect term for them, but use the Portuguese name), but evidence of their presence on the Pacific coast of South America antedates Christopher Columbus's arrival in the Americas. [35][37][38] Conran et al. "[63], He also notes that several of the nuts began to germinate by the time they had been ten weeks at sea, precluding an unassisted journey of 100 days or more.[32]. Macapuno is a coconut variety with a jelly-like coconut meat. Over the course of evolutionary time-scales the shifting atolls would have shortened the paths of colonization, meaning that any one coconut would not have to travel very far to find new land. It was the world's largest producer for decades until a decline in production due to aging trees as well as typhoon devastation. Coconut trees also are increasingly grown for decorative purposes along the coasts of the United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia with the help of irrigation. [9] Thenga, its Malayalam name, was used in the detailed description of coconut found in Itinerario by Ludovico di Varthema published in 1510 and also in the later Hortus Indicus Malabaricus. 4.3 out of 5 stars 26 ratings | 3 answered questions Price: $11.48 ($1.09 / Ounce) FREE Shipping Get free shipping Free 5-8 day shipping within the U.S. when you order $25.00 of eligible items sold or fulfilled by Amazon. The UAE has, however, imposed strict laws on mature coconut tree imports from other countries to reduce the spread of pests to other native palm trees, as the mixing of date and coconut trees poses a risk of cross-species palm pests, such as rhinoceros beetles and red palm weevils. The knowhow of coconut cultivation and necessary soil fixation and irrigation may have found its way into Omani, Hadrami and Al-Mahra culture by people who returned from those overseas areas. [24], The palm produces both the female and male flowers on the same inflorescence; thus, the palm is monoecious. As development continues, cellular layers of endosperm deposit along the walls of the coconut, becoming the edible coconut "flesh". This, together with their use of the South American sweet potato, suggests that Austronesian peoples may have sailed as far east as the Americas.[65]. [41] On fertile soil, a tall coconut palm tree can yield up to 75 fruits per year, but more often yields less than 30. [57] The two groups are genetically distinct, with the dwarf variety showing a greater degree of artificial selection for ornamental traits and for early germination and fruiting. In the Philippines, this alcoholic drink is called lambanog or "coconut vodka". The fruit may also be damaged by eriophyid coconut mites (Eriophyes guerreronis). Rigby (1995) assigned them to modern Cocos nucifera based on its size. Its meat is sweetened, cut into strands, and sold in glass jars as coconut strings, sometimes labeled as "gelatinous mutant coconut". Mattituck: Amereon House. The dried calyx is used as fuel in wood-fired stoves. [96], Coconut milk and coconut cream extracted from grated coconut is frequently added to various dessert and savory dishes, as well as in curries and stews. (January 27, 1967). The coconut palm thrives on sandy soils and is highly tolerant of salinity. [32] If they were naturally distributed and had been in the Pacific for a thousand years or so, then we would expect the eastern shore of Australia, with its own islands sheltered by the Great Barrier Reef, to have been thick with coconut palms: the currents were directly into, and down along this coast. Mathur, P.N. Hearts of palm are eaten in salads, sometimes called "millionaire's salad". [77][78][79], Two important coconut products were first developed in the Philippines, macapuno and nata de coco. The word Narali is derived from naral implying "coconut" in Marathi. Company Supplier: Coconut and coconut products Services: FOB Established: 2015 Verification Status. "INGAT SANTAN, INGAT KARA" Years of Experience. Delicious Coconut Cupcakes made with Kara UHT Coconut Creamhttp://www.kara.com.sg Coconuts could not reach inland locations without human intervention (to carry seednuts, plant seedlings, etc.) The mesocarp is composed of a fiber, called coir, which has many traditional and commercial uses. Customers who bought this item also bought. (2009), assigned it to Cocos based on the size and the ridged shape of the fruit. Human cultivation of the coconut selected, not for larger size, but for thinner husks and increased volume of endosperm, the solid "meat" or liquid "water" that provides the fruit its food value. Severe frost is usually fatal, although they have been known to recover from temperatures of −4 °C (25 °F). The fresh husk of a brown coconut may serve as a dish sponge or body sponge. It is spread by host insects, that thrive on heavy turf grasses. In Australia, a Cocos-like fossil fruit, measuring 10 cm (3.9 in) × 9.5 cm (3.7 in), were recovered from the Chinchilla Sand Formation dated to the latest Pliocene or basal Pleistocene. [23] They are now almost ubiquitous between 26° N and 26° S except for the interiors of Africa and South America. [50] However, there is some evidence that it may be polygamomonoecious, and may occasionally have bisexual flowers. Kara coconut milk, tin, 425ml. An essential ingredient in many authentic Asian and oriental dishes, Kara's coconut product range quickly expanded over the years to suit different culinary needs and usage preference. The hard shells, fibrous husks and long pinnate leaves can be used as material to make a variety of products for furnishing and decoration. A young, well-maintained tree can produce around 300 litres (66 imp gal; 79 US gal) of toddy per year, while a 40-year-old tree may yield around 400 litres (88 imp gal; 110 US gal). [132] CAPB may cause mild skin irritation,[132] but allergic reactions to CAPB are rare[133] and probably related to impurities rendered during the manufacturing process (which include amidoamine and dimethylaminopropylamine) rather than CAPB itself. It takes around 6,000 full-grown coconuts to produce one tonne of copra. It is UHT processed and aseptically packed. [20][26], Genetic studies of coconuts have also confirmed pre-Columbian populations of coconuts in Panama in South America. Wikipedia is a free online encyclopedia, created and edited by volunteers around the world and hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation. [25][22][32] During the colonial era, Pacific coconuts were further introduced to Mexico from the Spanish East Indies via the Manila galleons. About 74% of the world's supply of coconuts derives from Indonesia, the Philippines, and India combined. [45], Many different varieties are grown, including the Maypan coconut, King coconut, and Macapuno. These vary by the taste of the coconut water and color of the fruit, as well as other genetic factors. Cocos-like fossils of fruits include "Cocos" intertrappeansis, "Cocos" pantii, and "Cocos" sahnii. The cups were frequently engraved and decorated with precious metals.[118]. [106], The sap can be reduced by boiling to create a sweet syrup or candy such as te kamamai in Kiribati or dhiyaa hakuru and addu bondi in the Maldives. Kara Marketing is the leading coconut company, who supplies quality Coconut Products such as Coconut Cream, Coconut Powder, Coconut Water, Desiccated Coconut, Kerisik, Coconut Paste and Virgin Coconut … The coconut tree (Cocos nucifera) is a member of the palm tree family and the only living species of the genus Cocos. In Florida, wild populations of coconut palms extend up the East Coast from Key West to Jupiter Inlet, and up the West Coast from Marco Island to Sarasota. The Tamil equivalent is Karaiyar.They are traditionally coastal people occupied in seafaring, fishing and naval warfare.. Posted by Emma on 7th Jul 2014 I really liked this coconut milk which doesn't separate when used in cooking. It is claimed that they evolved to disperse significant distances via marine currents. He hypothesized that the coconut originated in the Americas, based on his belief that American coconut populations predated European contact and because he considered pan-tropical distribution by ocean currents improbable. Plants are intolerant of cold weather and prefer copious precipitation, as well as full sunlight. Coconuts have been used by humans for thousands of years and may have spread to their present range because of Pacific island settlers. [46], Botanically, the coconut fruit is a drupe, not a true nut. (1995). [34][35][39], Outside of New Zealand and India, only two other regions have reported Cocos-like fossils, namely Australia and Colombia. The immature seeds are infested and desapped by larvae staying in the portion covered by the perianth of the immature seed; the seeds then drop off or survive deformed. (eds.). The young coconut plants need to be nursed and irrigated with drip pipes until they are old enough (stem bulb development) to be irrigated with brackish water or seawater alone, after which they can be replanted on the beaches. T. Pradeepkumar, B. Sumajyothibhaskar, and K.N. Coconut water serves as a suspension for the endosperm of the coconut during its nuclear phase of development. It is most strikingly displayed in Madagascar, an island settled by Austronesian sailors at around 2000 to 1500 BP. Palm wine is distilled to produce arrack. [40], Cocos nucifera is a large palm, growing up to 30 m (100 ft) tall, with pinnate leaves 4–6 m (13–20 ft) long, and pinnae 60–90 cm (2–3 ft) long; old leaves break away cleanly, leaving the trunk smooth. No cholesterol, No Trans Fat, No Preservatives, No Colourings, No Flavouring Contact Now For More Details! Later, the endosperm matures and deposits onto the coconut rind during the cellular phase. [citation needed], A full-sized coconut weighs about 1.4 kg (3.1 lb). CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (. Various other products made from thickened coconut milk with sugar and/or eggs like coconut jam and coconut custard are also widespread in Southeast Asia. This pattern coincides with the known trade routes of Austronesian sailors. The researchers concluded that it was brought by early Austronesian sailors to the Americas from at least 2,250 BP, and may be proof of pre-Columbian contact between Austronesian cultures and South American cultures, albeit in the opposite direction than what early hypotheses like Heyerdahl's had proposed. Other types of large trees produce a single downward-growing tap root with a number of feeder roots growing from it. For the Mohombi song, see, Geographical distributions of Indo-Atlantic and Pacific coconut subpopulations and their genetic composition (Gunn, Inferred historical introduction of coconuts from the original centers of diversity in the. nuciferae. In 2007, the Philippines imposed a quarantine in Metro Manila and 26 provinces to stop the spread of the pest and protect the Philippine coconut industry managed by some 3.5 million farmers.[70]. Unlike the UAE, which grows mostly non-native dwarf or hybrid coconut cultivars imported from Florida for ornamental purposes, the slender, tall Omani coconut cultivars are relatively well-adapted to the Middle East's hot dry seasons, but need longer to reach maturity. Identity Proof Of Representative. This shopping feature will continue to load items when the Enter key is pressed. [84] With this, it will no more be considered as a tree and no permission will be required by the forest department before cutting a coconut tree.[85]. [126][127][128] Amphioctopus marginatus is the first invertebrate known to be able to use tools.[127][129]. The various parts of the coconut have a number of culinary uses. Its fruits are similar to the coconut, but smaller. In Cambodia, the roots are used in traditional medicine as a treatment for dysentery. Add Pineapple in cocktail shaker and crush it. $13.51 $ 13. In Thailand, the coconut husk is used as a potting medium to produce healthy forest tree saplings. In Johann Vollmann and Istvan Rajcan (Eds.). Long-term consumption of coconut oil may have negative health effects similar to those from consuming other sources of saturated fats, including butter, beef fat, and palm oil. The reasons why coconut are cultivated only in Yemen's Al Mahrah and Hadramaut governorates and in the Sultanate of Oman, but not in other suitable areas in the Arabian Peninsula, may originate from the fact that Oman and Hadramaut had long dhow trade relations with Burma, Malaysia, Indonesia, East Africa, and Zanzibar, as well as southern India and China. First edition, Blandford Press. Coconut oil is commonly used in cooking, especially for frying. typica) or dwarf (var. It is a haustorium, a spongy absorbent tissue formed from the distal portion of embryo during coconut germination, facilitates absorption of nutrients for the growing shoot and root. Coconut fruit in the wild are light, buoyant, and highly water resistant. The earliest Cocos-like fossil to be found was "Cocos" zeylanica, a fossil species described from small fruits, around 3.5 cm (1.4 in) × 1.3 to 2.5 cm (0.51 to 0.98 in) in size, recovered from the Miocene (~23 to 5.3 million years ago) of New Zealand in 1926. Kara Coconut Milk / Cream Smooth and creamy with the full flavour and aroma of juicy coconuts. John S. Wilson (1959), Scouting Round the World. Dwarf varieties are also available. But research on them is still ongoing to determine which of them (if any) actually belong to the genus Cocos. Our Coconut Cream is as good as the fresh coconut, it produced from the natural extract of coconut kernel. There are 99 calories in 1 serving (40 ml) of Kara Coconut Cream. [130], In the United States, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration declared that coconut must be disclosed as an ingredient on package labels as a "tree nut" with potential allergenicity. Leaves are also woven into small piuches that are filled with rice and cooked to make pusô and ketupat.[122]. [91], It is one of the most useful trees in the world.[48]. The fruit however was compacted in the fossilization process and it was not possible to determine if it had the diagnostic three pores that characterize members of the tribe Cocoseae. In the Ilocos region of the northern Philippines, the Ilocano people fill two halved coconut shells with diket (cooked sweet rice), and place liningta nga itlog (halved boiled egg) on top of it. A long handle made from some other wood may be inserted into the base of the bundle and used as a two-handed broom. Dried half shells are used as the bodies of musical instruments, including the Chinese yehu and banhu, along with the Vietnamese đàn gáo and Arabo-Turkic rebab. In 1987, a "coconut law" was signed by Governor Edwin Edwards exempting from insurance liability any decorated coconut "handed" from a Zulu float. [42] A frayed piece of root can also be used as a toothbrush. ", "Indian state decides coconut trees are no longer trees but palms", "Coconut tree loses tree status in Goa – Times of India", "Medieval Sourcebook: Ibn Battuta: Travels in Asia and Africa 1325–1354", "Coconut Industry in Sri Lanka- Sri Lanka Export Development Board", "Australia has a lot of coconut palms — so why don't we have a coconut industry? [53], The extent of cultivation in the tropics is threatening a number of habitats, such as mangroves; an example of such damage to an ecoregion is in the Petenes mangroves of the Yucatán. They are considered a rare delicacy, as harvesting the buds kills the palms. ; Batugal, P.; Bonnot, F. (2008). Description Brand: Kara Product: Natural Coconut Milk Weight Net : 200ml Product of: Indonesia. Your ideal choice of coconut-based cooking ingredient & beverages~ [1] The term "coconut" (or the archaic "cocoanut")[2] can refer to the whole coconut palm, the seed, or the fruit, which botanically is a drupe, not a nut. 11 talking about this. Coconut water can be fermented to produce coconut vinegar. Kara Fresh Coconut (1.0) Share. These have much lower fat content and are suitable as milk substitutes. [97][98] It can also be diluted into a beverage. It is further strengthened by other similar botanical evidence of contact, like the pre-colonial presence of sweet potato in Oceanian cultures. Plants are intolerant of cold weather and prefer copious precipitation, as harvesting the buds the... Trunk to form drums, containers, or small canoes coconut during its nuclear phase of development Saraburi. Of pig-tailed macaques as coconut Harvesters offering of coconut to the deceased and one 's ancestors removal impurities! High Temperature ) processed and aseptically packed with no preservatives and no content... It has three layers: the exocarp ( outermost layer ) removed also used as a source of water! Applications in furniture and specialized construction, as harvesting the buds kills the palms serving ( 40 ml ) Kara... 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A source of fresh water Istvan Rajcan ( Eds. ) no preservatives and no content. As macapuno has a jelly-like dessert known as al Rihla used coconut shells are kara coconut wikipedia for Hawaiian shirts! The West Coast 67 ] yellowing diseases affect plantations in Africa,,...