The White House is the oldest public building in Washington, D.C. and has been the home of every president except George Washington.Visitors come from around the world to the nation's capital to get a glimpse of the impressive structure. [98] In response to the Boston Marathon bombing, the road was closed to the public in its entirety for a period of two days. The reconstruction was overseen by architect Lorenzo Winslow, and the Truman family moved back into the White House in 1952. The Executive Residence is made up of six stories—the Ground Floor, State Floor, Second Floor, and Third Floor, as well as a two-story basement. It is located at 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue NW in Washington, D.C., and has been the residence of every U.S. president since John Adams in 1800. [24] Today, Jefferson's colonnades link the residence with the East and West Wings. Arthur inspected the work almost nightly and made several suggestions. [24] The finished structure contained only two main floors instead of the planned three, and a less costly brick served as a lining for the stone façades. House Oversight Committee chair Rep. Carolyn Maloney expressed "grave concerns" Monday that the outgoing Trump administration "may be … This was done to link the new portico with the earlier carved roses above the entrance. In the fall of 1882 work was done on the main corridor, including tinting the walls pale olive and adding squares of gold leaf, and decorating the ceiling in gold and silver, and colorful traceries woven to spell "USA". During the Kennedy administration, the White House Rose Garden was redesigned by Rachel Lambert Mellon. The general layout of the White House grounds today is based on the 1935 design by Frederick Law Olmsted Jr. of the Olmsted Brothers firm, commissioned by President Franklin D. Roosevelt. Rosalynn Carter, in 1977, was the first to place her personal office in the East Wing and to formally call it the "Office of the First Lady". During Monroe’s administration, the South Portico was constructed in 1824, and Andrew Jackson oversaw the addition of the North Portico in 1829. A sculpture by Isamu Noguchi, unveiled in the Rose Garden by Melania Trump, has become the first work by an Asian American to feature in the White House's art collection. [10] Since the house was too small to accommodate the thirty people that made up the presidential family, staff, and servants, Washington had it enlarged. During this period, the North Lawn was planted with ornate carpet-style flowerbeds. Among the oldest trees on the grounds are several magnolias (Magnolia grandiflora) planted by Andrew Jackson, including the Jackson Magnolia, reportedly grown from a sprout taken from the favorite tree of Jackson's recently deceased wife, the sprout planted after Jackson moved into the White House. [62] In the Diplomatic Reception Room, Mrs. Kennedy installed an antique "Vue de l'Amérique Nord" wallpaper which Zuber & Cie had designed in 1834. Reconstruction began almost immediately, and President James Monroe moved into the partially reconstructed Executive Residence in October 1817. [34] It receives up to 30,000 visitors each week. These tours were suspended in the wake of the September 11 attacks. President Harry S. Truman began a renovation of the building in which everything but the outer walls were dismantled. It was nearly completed by the time of Adam's 1797 inauguration. Employees and slaves rescued a painting of George Washington,[39] and in 1939, a Canadian man returned a jewelry box to President Franklin Roosevelt, claiming that his grandfather had taken it from Washington. by Permanent Presidential Order and Members of U.S. Secret Service. The north front is the principal façade of the White House and consists of three floors and eleven bays. In the main mansion, the third-floor attic was converted to living quarters in 1927 by augmenting the existing hip roof with long shed dormers. [72][73] Redecorations were made to the private family quarters and maintenance was made to public areas during the Reagan years. There are 132 rooms, 35 bathrooms, and 6 levels in the Residence. "[36] The State Floor of the residence building includes the East Room, Green Room, Blue Room, Red Room, State Dining Room, Family Dining Room, Cross Hall, Entrance Hall, and Grand Staircase. Exterior construction continued with the addition of the semi-circular South portico in 1824 and the North portico in 1829. During the mid-to-late 19th century a series of ever larger greenhouses were built on the west side of the house, where the current West Wing is located. At various times in history, the White House has been known as the “President’s Palace,” the “President’s House,” and the “Executive Mansion.”. From the Ground Floor Corridor rooms, transformed from their early use as service areas, to the State Floor rooms, where countless leaders and dignitaries have been entertained, the White House is both the home of the President of the United States and his family, as well as a museum of American history. [44] Meanwhile, both architect Benjamin Henry Latrobe and Hoban contributed to the design and oversight of the reconstruction, which lasted from 1815 until 1817. Jefferson also drafted a planting plan for the North Lawn that included large trees that would have mostly obscured the house from Pennsylvania Avenue. There are also 412 doors, 147 windows, 28 fireplaces, 8 staircases, and 3 elevators. A fifty-foot jeweled Tiffany glass screen, supported by imitation marble columns, replaced the glass doors that separated the main corridor from the north vestibule.[52][53]. Some observers allege that most of these spoils were lost when a convoy of British ships led by HMS Fantome sank en route to Halifax off Prospect during a storm on the night of November 24, 1814,[41][42] even though Fantome had no involvement in that action.[43]. Eight years later in 1909, President William Howard Taft expanded the West Wing and created the first Oval Office, which was eventually moved as the section was expanded. The story was picked up by industry trade journals. The White House was a late 17th-century plantation on the Pamunkey River near White House in New Kent County, Virginia. [32] The name "Executive Mansion" was used in official contexts until President Theodore Roosevelt established the formal name by having "White House–Washington" engraved on the stationery in 1901. Less than fifty years after the Roosevelt renovation, the White House was showing signs of serious structural weakness. Construction on the French house was initially started before 1789, interrupted by the French Revolution for twenty years and then finally built 1812–1817 (based on Salat's pre-1789 design). On May 20, 1995, primarily as a response to the Oklahoma City bombing of April 19, 1995, the United States Secret Service closed off Pennsylvania Avenue to vehicular traffic in front of the White House from the eastern edge of Lafayette Park to 17th Street. "I pray Heaven to bestow the best of blessings on this House, and all that shall hereafter inhabit it. James Hoban substantially reduced the house's scale in the final approved design. Ariana Grande runs the White House in the music video for her new single “Positions.” The pop star signs executive orders, walks her dogs on the White House lawn, meets with her majority-female Cabinet and is protected by female Secret Service agents in the Dave Meyers-directed video released late Thursday. [74] The house was accredited as a museum in 1988. 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